differences between research and evidence-based practice.
Post a thoughtful response to at least two (2) other colleagues’ initial postings. Responses to colleagues should be supportive and helpful (examples of an acceptable comment are: “This is interesting – in my practice, we treated or resolved (diagnosis or issue) with (x, y, z meds, theory, management principle) and according to the literature…” and add supportive reference. Avoid comments such as “I agree” or “good comment.”
Response posts: Minimum of one (1) total reference: one (1) from peer-reviewed or course materials reference per response.
Response posts: Minimum 100 words excluding references.
We are looking at the differences between research and evidence-based practice. According to (LoBiondo -Wood & Haber, 2014, p. 6), the term research involves systematic, scientific approaches whereas the goal is to answer specific questions about nursing developments. Research further breaks down into two major categories which are qualitative research and quantitative research. (LoBiondo -Wood & Haber, 2014, p. 8)
An example of a research study would be to sit down face to face and interview 20 adults who tested positive for Influenza A, 10 who took Tamiflu and 10 who did not. The research question would be, “What is the relationship between those adults who were diagnosed with pneumonia after testing positive for Influenza A, amongst those who took Tamiflu and those who did not?”
Evidence-based practice is best described by (Stevens, 2013, para. 3) as combining our current knowledge on a particular subject and adding that to our plan of care to improve the outcomes of our patients. In other words, the knowledge and research now exists, we just have to translate the information into our daily practice and possibly keep patients from going through something we can predict may happen, based on what we have already learned.
An example of evidence-based practice would be to find your source, and as (Hoyka & Heese, 2006, p. 348) states, it can be books and journals, among several other materials. As we have been told since day one of writing research papers, not all sources are correct and it is our job to know how to locate reputable ones. To implement evidence-based practice, for example, a patient’s mother may want to know the correlation between her 12 month old child receiving the Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccine. For the clinical question, I would ask, “In 12 month old children, does receiving the MMR vaccine increase the risk of developing autism?”
To summarize, there are differences between research in nursing and evidence-based practice in nursing. There are times throughout our career that we will use one or both practices to gain knowledge and apply that to our plans of care.
(2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Hoyka, L., & Heese, D. (2006). Finding and evaluating sources. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
LoBiondo -Wood, G., & Haber, J. (2014). Nursing Research Methods and Critical Appraisal for Evidence-Based Practice (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.
Stevens, K. R. (2013, May 31). The Impact of Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and the Next Big Ideas. OJIN, 18. https://doi.org/10.3912/OJIN.Vol18No02Man04
LoBiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J. (2014). Nursing research: Methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.
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