PATIENT NAME: Catherine Williams
DATE OF BIRTH:3/26/1947DATE OF ADMISSION:1/19/2015
HISTORY: Catherine Williams is a 67-year-old Caucasian female who was brought to the hospital via an ambulance and subsequently admitted to the hospital on 1/19/2015 for dysphasia, dysphagia, and right hemiparesis. Ms. Williams has history of HTN, and high cholesterol. Husband states that patient is taking medication daily. No problems have been noted prior to 1 ½ hours ago when she began to show signs of right facial drooping and complained of cephalgia. Husband states the patient was unable to drink her coffee without the liquid spilling down her face.Per the husband, the patient was reaching in the cupboard for a dish, when her right arm started to fall. After sitting at the breakfast table, the patient began to rise, when she fell to the floor, and was unable to stand up without help. She showed a steady decline within minutes developing ataxia, dysphagia, and dysarthria.
OBJECTIVE FINDINGS: Physical examination shows the patient was alert, and oriented x 2. Mild confusion noted to place. Gait was not assessed at this time due to hemiparesis. Grips were unequal. Right pupil was sluggish to respond to light. Right lower extremity was flaccid. Blood pressure was 180/92 mm Hg. Pulse, 78. Respirations, 18. Temperature 98.7.Chest radiograph, Urinalysis, CBC, PTT, Basic Chemistry Panel and ABGs were obtained. ABGs showed low 02saturation. CT scan showed negative for an intracerebral hemorrhage. A neurology consultation was obtained. Neurologist confirmed the diagnosis of an ischemic stroke after an MRI of the brain demonstrated an ischemic area of the left cerebral cortex caused by a cerebral embolism.
IMPRESSION: Hemiparesis, HTN, Ischemic Stroke
TREATMENT SUMMARY: The patient was given Alteplase 0.9 mg/kg IV infused over 1 hour for first bolus. Continued with 0.81 mg/kg as continuous infusion over 60 minutes. Mannitol was started IV post Alteplase infusion. Patient transferred to ICU.Neuro checks ordered q 2 hrs.On the second hospital day, the patient developed hypotension, N & V. Reglan given IV and normal saline was increased to 150 drops per minute for 2 hours, then titrated down to 75. After 5 hours, patient BP was within normal limits, N & V subsided.Aggrenox started one capsule bid. Third day inpatient stay was unremarkable. Patient was transferred to medical floor.PT/OT, speech therapy ordered. Neuro checks reduced to every 4 hours. No further decline noted. Fourth inpatient stay, patient responding to PT/OT well. Use of walker with one assist. Gait and grip improving. No further neurological deficits noted. Discharge planning started. Rehabilitation facility recommended for continued PT/OT and speech therapy. Family educated on treatment plan, patient transferred to extended care facility for rehabilitation. Continue antiplatelet therapy. Informed patient and family to follow-up with neurologist one week after discharge from rehab.
PART 1: Using the information provided in Progress Note above, please complete the following information.
In this Assignment 2, imagine you are a medical professional working at XYZ Medical Center. Your patient is Mrs. Williams. Her son, Sam Williams, has just arrived from Montana. He is concerned about his mother’s wellbeing. You will be meeting with the patient’s son to update him on what has occurred during her hospital stay, the subsequent transfer to the rehabilitation facility and a discharge plan.
Use the information from the Progress Note to update Sam Williams on his mother’s condition. You will be translating the medical information from the report into layman’s terms in order for the patient and patient’s daughter to understand.
Please be sure use complete sentences, proper grammar, and spelling. You can use medical terms, however, you must also use layman’s terminology. Remember, it is your job to explain to the patient’s son what has occurred. You must use outside sources, including your textbook.
Your explanation to Sam Williams should be 500 words or more. Cite your reference/referencesin APA format at the end of your explanation.
Written Assignment requirements: Written work should be free of spelling, grammar, and APA errors. Points deducted from the grade for each writing, spelling, or grammar error are at your instructor’s discretion. Please be sure to view “Writing Center Resources” to assist you with meeting APA expectations. You may also access the link from Course Resources/AcademicSupport Center.