In a bid to endorse national health insurances in countries, politicians have subsequently failed to-do this and have in a reaction not stopped to find a way to succeed in bringing this to life (reality), (Immergut, 1990).Three countries in particular have been victim of political influence in the region of medicine and have succeeded to bring the dreaded enactment of national health insurance policies for all medical workers and their area of work. The three countries are France, Sweden, and Switzerland. Private elite doctors disputed this approach by the government to try to dictate and regulate the doctors, nurses’ fees/salaries etc, as it had a major influence on the self-governance of medical economic outcome .this was a result of them wanting to be independent in their practice. The author as well reveals that the professional medical practitioners preferred governing themselves and acted out by setting higher quality and professional standards of medical care to their patients. Hence the dispute/tassel of professional power began between the government of countries such as France, Switzerland and Sweden. As a result of political influence on medical professional the author reveals various instance of cases arises that: these are, the Direct Parliamentary rule, Majority Parliamentarism. In the instance of Majority parliamentarism the author agues out that the political logic of policy making in these countries’ parliament were all dependent on the ability of one to gunner majority of votes in a coalition system (Immergut,1990). This allowed them to be able to vote through policies that were to ‘in a way benefiting’ them hence the white collar union and member of staff s association to be subdued against their will to professionalize a profession. These are in short were known as vetoes of policies. The author summarizes his arguments by stating that the In France policies were made by parliament, the Swiss parliament used their ability to veto verdicts in their favor by initiating referenda which helped oppose veto health indemnity legislation. In aIDition he states that the veto opportunities offer a chance to enforce subjective policies tend allow the political decision to be overturned at different state in the policy process. References Immergut, E. (1990).Institutions, Veto points, and policy Results: a comparative Analysis of health Care.London.Cambridge University Press.
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